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SEEKING TO OBTAIN THROUGH PURCHASE OR TRADE:
The following Napoleonic era British swords: 1796 Heavy Cavalry Officers and Troopers swords; 1796 Light Cavalry Officers swords; 1803 Infantry Officers swords; Scottish Officers swords; any officers sword with Regimental device, markings, etc., on hilt or blade. Naval officers swords, dirks. (all the above must be in VG to fine or better condition and with scabbards, no restoration) Good examples of British military firearms pre-1898.

WANTED: Fine British Military Firearms, Pre-1898; also, British Military and Naval swords, Enlisted and Officer's Patterns. Also, Scottish and British Basket-Hilted Swords.

809) British "Lead Cutter" Sword by Wilkinson. Blade 28 1/2" long, 1 3/4" wide at hilt, etched with panels "LEAD CUTTER N. 1" and "WILKINSON / PALL MALL / LONDON" . Serial # 20395 (made 1875-76).With its heavy blade, the Lead Cutter was used as a practice arm to chop through uniformly cast lead bars. Wilkinson made four incrementaly heavier Lead Cutters, the No.4 being the heaviest. As the swordsman's strength and skill progressed, he could move up to the next weight of Cutter. Condition VG, clean blade with light stains, 4 or 5 edge nicks, markings fine and clear, iron hilt retains about 80% original paint.   $750  Reduced to $600    
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847) French M.1866-74 Gras Infantry Rifle. 32 1/2" barrel with various arsenal poincons, "1874 S 79" (constructed as needle-fire Chassepot 1874, modified to Gras 1879), bayonet bar # AB 93866 ( matching ramrod, bolt and all bolt parts, barrel near chamber, and stock - an all-matching gun).Receiver marked "MANUFACTURE D'ARMES / CHATELLERAULT" and "Mle 1866-74" (in this case, the "74" means the Model year the Gras was adopted). Right side buttstock carries Chassepot rondel dated 1874, left side the Gras modification rondel dated Sept. 1879 above serial # AB 93866. Along with the much-modified Chassepot bolt, the Chassepot chambers were fitted with an insert to handle the 11 X 59R Gras cartridge. Condition overall is excellent - retains all fine arsenal conversion blue on barrel and receiver, bolt has light age patina and much dried grease (easily cleaned). Bore bright and sharp as new. Ex. Working order. Stock solid, almost no dings, no cracks or repairs, never touched with deep clear conversion markings. Finding these much-used rifles in such great condition is getting hard these days - and moreover, many were converted to 8mm Lebel.   $1,150  Reduced to $900  
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1082) French M-1866 Chassepot Rifle. Standard 32" barrel serial # 46478 on chamber and bayonet bar, dated 1868, various inspectors' poincons. Left side action flat stamped with same "E" that appears on barrel, also marked "CAHEN - LYON et cie / GLISENTI A BRESCIA", "Mle 1866" and etched most unusually (like the spines of French swords) "EPREUVE / DES MANUFACTURES IMPLES / ST. ETIENNE = 1869". Bolt and clearing rod #'s do not match gun #, though the bolt is the correct early type with checkered bolt knob and early contour cocking piece; has needle and obturating washer. Original sling swivels. Solid stock has same # as gun, worn by arsenal cleaning but enough visible to show it is same 46478. Action in fine working order, bore fine+ with bright sharp rifling, some small areas of light pitting. Smooth dull steel color overall, all markings in metal very clear. This is the first Cahen-Lyon marked Chassepot I've owned (and that's been several dozen), so if they're not rare I'd say they were relatively scarce. I've never seen any Chassepot with the curious etched inspection by St. Etienne. Cahen- Lyon obtained a contract for 100,000 Chassepots, and subcontracted to Potts & Hunt in England, Placencia in Spain, and Glisenti in Brescia.   $800  
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1118) Indian Kirach, 18th Century. Broad, 31 3/4" incurving blade with 8" false edge, stamped with two armourers' marks. The elongated wavy patterns of the blade's welded damascus can be seen on its surface. Tulwar hilt with two silver bosses, traces of a checkerboard pattern of Koftgari remain. The kirach was used mostly by the Marathas of southern India. Overall the sword shows wear and use; the powerful blade and obvious age give it character and command respect.   $425  
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1221) Imperial Austro-Hungarian Issue Model 1870 Gasser Revolver. 7 1/4" barrel, 11.2mm Fruwirth/Werndle Carbine cal., breech stamped with Austrian double-headed eagle, date "871" (1871 in Austrian practice), "L.GASSER / WIEN", serial # 25438 (matching on barrel, frame, cylinder, ejector rod). Frame has previous unit markings canceled in Germanic style with cross-hatching, new unit markings "9 TD" with the gun # 164 canceled and re-numbered 105. Fine working order, fine bright bore with sharp rifling, smooth light age patina overall. Original checkered wood grips solid, no cracks or repairs, do show some smooth service wear. Unusual to find an actual Austrian issue example.   $1,600  
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1282) Black Watch Plaid Brooch. 3 1/2" in dia. Dates late 19th, early 20th century. St. Andrew on cross, battle honour Sphinx over "EGYPT". Motto "NEMO ME IMPUNE LACESSIT" (both the regimental and Scotland's motto). Cast in white metal, with fine hand chased detail. Ex. condition.   $400  
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1346) Martini-Henry Line Throwing Gun. 18 1/2" smooth bore barrel marked on Knox-form with nitro proofs and "577-450 / CORDITE 25 GR 469 / 15" ROD" (469 is gun #; rod is projectile to which line is attached). Fitted with spring catch for line carrier/rack. Backsight fitted with pendulum as rough aid in estimating barrel elevation. Entire buttstock is a heavy, hollow, iron casting that duplicates the configuration of the wooden original. This iron stock brings the weight of the gun to an even 14 lbs, evidently a recoil-reducing measure. Action works fine, all metal surfaces retain about 70-80% original rust preventing black paint.   $750  
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1348) Belgian Model 1864 Whitworth System Rampart Rifle. 39" barrel with various inspectors' poincons, dated 1866, rifled with Whitworth 6-sided rifling nominally 17.5mm ( minor dia. .70 cal; major dia. .76 cal.). Sighted to 1400 meters, and fitted with swivel. Weight of gun 33 1/2 lbs. Removable breechblock with grasping wings (length 5.270"), secured in breech by pivoting lateral block fitted with spring loaded folding lever. .70 cal. chamber with depth of 4.70" . Approximately 3/8" of chamber spigots into barrel where it butts up against rifling; this chamber extension formed of the thick-walled chamber itself, encircled by a thin-walled steel ring that closely fits into the barrel and expands at the instant of firing to seal the breech. Receiver and lockplate with various poincons. Fine, dark uncleaned stock shows little wear, no cracks or repairs, bears deeply stamped rondel of the "MANUFACTURE d'ARMES d'ETAT" (State Arms Factory - the Belgian Royal Arsenal equivalent to Royal Manufactory Enfield - see Stockel, Vol.3, p.1629, # 8624 for this mark). This arsenal eventually became FN. Lock is crisp as new, fit of breechblock like new, bore is bright with some minor pitting near muzzle which, taken with the pitting on the buttplate, suggests the gun was set upright in a warehouse corner for years. Overall condition is smooth unpitted age patina with sharp edges and clear markings. No damage and complete in all respects. $3500.00

Note: When in 1850 England established a committee to choose a new rifle for universal issue, it was ultimately the Belgian version of the Delvigne-Minie system developed at the Manufacture d'Armes d'Etat that was chosen for the Pattern 1851 Rifle.
   $3,500  
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1349) Bavarian Model 1855 Cavalry Pistol. 8 7/8" barrel, .71 cal (17.8mm). Unmarked lock in fine crisp working order. Iron mounts with various inspectors' poincons and initials. Buttcap unit marking "1AE / 219". Uncleaned stock with minor dings, thin almost invisible grain crack on wrist though stock is solid. Smooth overall age patina.   $875  
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1357) English Flint Pistol by Sharpe, Made for the American Trade. 9" round brass barrel, .58 cal., Birmingham proofs, breech stamped "SHARPE EXTRA PROOF". Lock marked "SHARPE", roller frizzen spring, fine crisp working order. Brass furniture with light engraving. Silver wrist escutcheon. Solid stock, no cracks or repairs, uncleaned and retaining nearly all original varnish with untouched raised grain surface (feathering). Rammer is an old replacement, correct in style. Pistol has strong character and is a nice example of a class of pistol that armed many Militia officers and Militia cavalry troopers, wagon drivers and canal and river boatmen, as well as citizens from New York to St. Louis in the 1800 to 1840's era.   $1,450  Reduced to $1,200  
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1361) An Edwardian Era HLI Officer's Plaid Brooch. 3 7/8" diameter, extremely well-cast with sharp lettering and detail with same 30 battle honours as listed on above dirk blade. Appear to be silver plated white metal. Ex. condition overall, and quite impressive.   $425  
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1369) French Cuirassiers Armour, Helmet "Casque a cimier de cuirassiers Modele 1874". Steel skull with embossed brass mounts, chin scales, etc. All original. Braided horse hair tail. Leather liner with some wear and tear. Heavy breastplate and lighter back with arsenal marks, serial numbers, original brass, leather and chain shoulder straps. Original detached waist belt. all in good original un-fooled with condition, brass has matching patina overall.   $2,400  Reduced to $2,000  
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1403) "Armurier et Arquebusier". 54 plates and text. Circa 1760 tome containing the full-size ( 10 X 15 1/2" ) military plates and text of Diderot's Encyclopedia. Plates illustrate gun manufacturing and tools; military musket components; 5 plates of infantry musket drill; 15 plates of complex infantry formations and evolutions (too many to picture all); Vauban fortification plans and siege methods; canno, mortars, carriages, siege weapons, etc. Marbled covers detached from spine, which has above title in gold letters. All plates and text pages are in fine condition   $750  
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1412) Indian Kirach / Tulwar, 18th Century. 31 3/4" heavy, flattened oval section blade of welded damascus, stamped at ricasso with "gurda" or sickle mark. The intentional downward inclination of the point is so slight that I pondered whether to call it a kirach or tulwar. Conventional tulwar hilt of iron retains 50 - 60% original silver. Smooth and clean blade retains faded welded damascus patterns over entire surface.   $475  
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1419) Spanish or Mexican Pistol circa 1840-50. 7 1/2" , .67 cal., octagonal to round barrel. Back-action lock with miquelet mechanism in fine working order. Brass-mounted stock VG, single barrel band. Original ramrod with worm on end. Barrel and lock with dark patina and scattered pitting (especially around nipple). Interesting back-action miquelet mechanism.   $400  
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1422) British Customs Sword c. 1800-20. 29 1/4" blade, unmarked, similar to 1796 L.C. type, and of solid serviceable weight. Smooth, unpitted surface, and still fairly sharp. Brass guard with ribbed cast iron grip. Knuckle-bow period engraved "CUSTOMS". Original brass-mounted scabbard, solid leather with no damage and intact seam, only a few minor dings to mounts. Good example of a type widely employed aboard British Revenue and Customs Cutters during an era remarkable for its smuggling activity.   $750  Reduced to $550    
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1454) Fine British Officer's Hanger c.1770-75. 25 3/4" curved double fuller blade of typical period English form. Fine quality pierced and chiseled steel hilt with gadrooned pommel (spiral chiseled grooves). Ex. grip with original shagreen covering and original silver tape wrap. Blade clean with light pitting/patina overall; hilt in fine matching condition. An fine, all-original example of a popular officer's sword of the Revolutionary War period.   $1,600  
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1466) British Pattern 1821 Light Cavalry Officer's Sword with Unusual and Fine Quality Blade. 35", flat unfullered slightly curved blade with fine quality etching of "Crown over VR" scroll designs and maker/retailer "ANDREWS / 9 / PALL MALL / LONDON" , proof mark on obverse, back marked "PROVED". Steel guard, grip with original shagreen and silver wire wrap (wear to inboard/reverse shagreen indicates sword was carried a good deal). Steel scabbard, no dents, light pitting overall matching hilt. Blade is bright and clean, etching clear and sharp of the best quality. John and William Andrews occupied 9 Pall Mall from 1821 to 1868. With its heavy and flat-sided blade, this is obviously the choice of a cavalry officer with strong opinions regarding blade design.   $800  
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1469) British Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Troopers Saber. 32 5/8" blade stamped with Crown over 8 inspector's mark, maker "DAWES" on back ( W.&S. Dawes, Birmingham, prolific Napoleonic Wars era contractor of edged weapons). Guard with fine original leather covering. Fine smooth steel scabbard with only a few very minor service dings. Blade is smooth, bright and clean. Regulation issue pattern in all respects. One of the most famous swords of the Napoleonic Wars (the French thought it was barbaric, but then they thought everything from the British Isles was), and employed by the 19th Light Dragoons in the 1812-14 War in Canada, and the 14th Light Dragoons at New Orleans.   $1,250    
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1470) Scottish 90th Highland Borderers Light Infantry Officer's Sword. 32 1/2" blade etched with scrolls, "Crown over VR", obverse with scrolls and "HIGHLAND BORDERERS" enclosing Light Infantry strung bugle below "90": proved punch mark obverse, reverse retailer "J.H.UTRECHT / GEORGE ST. / EDINGURGH". Blade is smooth, clean, with clear prominent etching. Hilt (and blade) of post-1845 Light Cavalry Officers' type, retains all original shagreen and copper wire wrap. Steel scabbard, smooth and undented with light patina matching hilt. Untouched and in fine overall condition. Robson, p.185, cites various Scottish regiments whose officers used, in the field, the 1821 Light Cavalry Officers saber.
The Highland Borderers became the 3rd Battalion Argyle & Sutherland Highlanders in 1881. They started life as the 90th Regiment of British Militia, but received the Highland Borderers title in recognition of the high number of members who enlisted in the regular army.
   $1,350  Reduced to $975    
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1474) A Rare Spanish Model 1752 Cavalry Pistol. 11 3/4" , .72 cal. octagonal to round barrel, full-length sighting flat, stamped with "Crown over R", "EX" and near touch hole what appears to be "AM". Lockplate bears an unclear stamp under pan, and on the tail the maker's cartouche "ZAGVD" (a similar cartouche with other, indistinct, letters appears on inside of sideplate). Lock is in fine working order. Brass mounted stock, escutcheon of Crown over R sign of Royal ownership that equates to British Broad Arrow. Stock has minor damage just ahead of lock near barrel - original splinters glued back - and minor splinters missing at muzzle. Considering age of gun, and hard usage most Spanish arms received, this stock is in exceptional original condition. All brass furniture is original. On the upper left wrist near the tang beavertail is stamped a Crown over R above an indistinct 5 or 6 letter stamping which appears to begin with "A". Iron ramrod is old, and according to Brinckerhoff & Chamberlain, "Spanish Military Weapons in Colonial America 1700-1821", p. 48, wood rods were usually replaced by iron in 1755. The Model 1752 they illustrate is the same as this pistol, and the authors note the pattern was introduced after 1728 and made officially standard in 1752. I include in my pictures the original Spanish plates reproduced in the book showing the Model 1752 Musket, Carbine, and Pistol. Spanish operations against the British in Florida and up the Mississippi during the Revolutionary War are well documented. Relic parts of this pattern pistol have been unearthed at Spanish sites in the US Southwest. Aside from the ramrod as noted, all components of this pistol are original   $4,200  Reduced to $3,700  
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1493) Western Balkan Silver Mounted Flint Pistol c. 1800. 12 1/2" round barrel, .63 cal., silver band and chiseled relief panel at breech stamped with Muslim armourer's punchmark; another, larger punchmark on left side breech; a typical illegible attempt at a European barrelsmith's signature appears on top of barrel. Well-made lock in fine working order with powerful springs, grooved frizzen face shows period wear, usual spurious European lock maker's markings. Solid stock is relief carved and silver wire inlaid, no cracks or repairs, engraved iron t.g. and sideplate, silver longspur engraved buttcap and embossed silver muzzle band. A genuine all-original Balkan fighting pistol from an extremely turbulent era.   $1,500  
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1503) Early Irish Percussion Pocket Pistol. 2", .45 cal. turn-off barrel with Birmingham proofs. Engraved frame, "DUBLIN" on obverse, "CALDERWOOD" on reverse. This would probably be Thomas Calderwood, who worked in Dublin from 1810. Although the pistol was made in Birmingham, the engraving is in the Irish style and probably done in Calderwood's shop. Folding trigger. Solid checkered grip with silver escutcheon. Fine working order. Although appearing to be a conversion (and certainly some were), this was purpose-built - there is no sign of a pan recess. It is an early percussion lock with a small frizzen-like spring tensioned retainer to secure the brim of the early top-hat caps. Since the hammer can reach the nipple with the retainer down, it is not a form of hinged safety as seen on some Germanic pistols. As standardization of nipple and cap sizes proceeded fairly quickly, the need for such retainers passed, and comparatively few are seen today.   $675    
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1505) A Good Quality Liege Pocket Pistol in the Style of the Paris Masters. 1 1/2" turn-off barrel, .47 cal. Box-lock frame engraved with dog both sides (similar to Boutet style), stamped with Liege proof. Folding trigger. Action in fine working order; sliding safety locks frizzen down on pan. Fine, solid, checkered grip with silver stud and wire inlay. All original including top jaw and screw.   $975  
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1506) British Pattern 1796 Light Cavalry Troopers Saber. 32 3/4" blade of regulation pattern and size, marked on back "_________ SOLINGEN" , stamped with Crown inspector's mark of crown over 1. Guard of regulation pattern, original grip of leather shrunk over cord (minor leather wear exposing some of the cord). Regulations accepted either this form of grip covering or leather over grooved wood. Undented original scabbard with patina matching hilt. Blade is smooth and clean, VG+ to Fine condition. The "Solingen" marking is absolutely identical to other known "J J RUNKEL SOLINGEN" markings, and the space before the "Solingen" evidences just enough hints to make it 99.9% certain that it was JJ Runkel, and moreover, that it was removed intentionally - not by wear, or over cleaning, since the Solingen is perfectly clear and deep. Exactly how to explain this is unclear, but no British sword collector can be unaware of the bitter controversy surrounding British versus imported German blades in this era, nor the fact that John Justice Runkel was heavily fined for smuggling German blades into the UK on one occasion. Was it found expedient at one point to remove his name from the blades whilst retaining the Solingen origin, an origin that was widely considered desirable? After all, to most informed individuals the controversy was not that good German blades were inferior to those of British manufacture, but whether blades produced by certain well regarded British makers had at least attained equality with the imported ones. An interesting sword.

Note: "On 11 March 1806 it was reported that Runkel having considerably undervalued 1650 swords and blades which he had imported in the "Taube" from Emden they were 'detained for the benefit of the Crown' " (from May & Annis, "Swords for Sea Service" , p.302).
   $1,100  
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1515) Blunt & Syms Pepperbox. 2 3/4", 6-shot fluted barrel cluster with crowned muzzles, .31 cal, stamped "6" on barrels and cylinder arbor screw. Engraved frame with flared butt. Fine working order. Grips retain 90%+ fine original varnish, slight chip missing both sides at rear of flared butt. Barrels retain 95% fine original blue, frame retains small amount original blue, remainder toned to very light smooth plum. Fine + condition overall.   $1,550  
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1516) Allen & Thurber Pepperbox. 3 1/4" fluted, 6-shot, .31 cal barrel cluster (measured from front edge of nipple shield), stamped in flute "PATENTED 1837 CAST STEEL". Top of bar hammer stamped "ALLEN'S PATENT", side marked "ALLEN & THURBER / NORWICH C-T" . Engraved frame. Fine+ grips with silver escutcheons, no cracks or repairs, never cleaned. Ex. tight working order. Barrels retain nearly all original blue, slightly thinning. Frame and nipple shield bear much original blue, now thinning also but retaining high polished surface; hammer and trigger retain much original polish and traces of case colors. Fine+ overall, a sharp specimen.   $1,500  
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1525) Large European 19th Century Crossbow. Strong steel bowstave 29" wide, overall stock length 39". Stock fitted at front with iron pivot slot for goats-foot type spanning lever; brass fore-end tip houses windage dial adjustable fore sight. Swiss-type elevating rear sight. Lock appears to be in working order, spring-loaded bowstring release hook snaps up when trigger is pulled. Solid, uncleaned, massive stock with brass mounts, no cracks or repairs. A good Flemish, German or Swiss crossbow for hunting or target. I previously offered this bow for $1600, but recently cleaned the brass (it was black with patina), and have now lowered the price   $1,250  
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1528) Royal Navy Pattern 1804 Cutlass. 28 1/2" blade stamped with inspector's mark of "Crown over 12". Regulation "figure 8" iron hilt, with original leather washer at blade shoulders. Blade is smooth and clean, never stamped with GR cypher, as many others were not also. Apparently some makers were excused the requirement of a stamped cypher to expedite production or keep the price lower, or both. VG condition overall.   $800  
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1533) 19th Century European Cuirassier Back & Breast Plates. Heavy-weight breastplate stamped with inspectors' marks and # "49". Backplate of lighter weight (as was normal), numbered "649" and "13305". These plates are of matching type and are genuine 19th century military issue. They have been modified with the addition of lower plates in the style of the 16th century, probably in late Victorian times, and now show genuine aging. They would be a good start for a composite suit.   $750  
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1544) Italian Model 1870-87 Vetterli-Vitali Infantry Rifle. 33 1/2" barrel, 10.35X47R cal., breech with various markings, including SN MO2011. Barrel retains 95% fine original blue, bore is mint. Receiver shows original light gray heat treatment color, now tinged with very light brown patina. Action in tight, like new working order. Fine uncleaned stock, markings as shown in pics, matching # MO 2011. Thin partial line crack at toe, not serious. Original rammer and sling swivels. Fine+ to ex. overall, all original.   $575  
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1548) A Fine Silver Stocked Albanian Miquelet Pistol c. 1800. 13 3/4" , .60 cal. barrel. Engraved lock stamped with maker's punchmark, ex. crisp working order. Solid, heavy silver stock of fine workmamship, extensively decorated by engraving and chisel-work. A fine example and all original.   $2,250  
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1549) A Rare Spanish 18th Century Rapier For a Boy. 24" d.e. blade of good quality and temper. Steel, double kidney guard of Bilbo type, a style popular from the late 17th century for both military and civilian rapiers. Ebony grip inlet with light color horn stripes. Quality of hilt, details and methods of construction fully equal to standards seen on military and many civilian examples. Fine condition overall, smooth unpitted age patina. Just how often youngsters were gifted with such arms we cannot know, though certainly the practice was not confined to Spain as there are rare survivals of boys' armor and arms of the 16th and 17th centuries in European museums. It is pictured with a full-size rapier to better show its proportions.   $900  
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1550) Scarce 19th Century Carpathian Shepherd's / Peasant's Axe. Well-forged steel head pierced with quatrefoils and a cloverleaf, inlaid with copper and silver bands. 30" carved wood shaft ending with a steel two-part finial, the lower part unscrewing to reveal a 3", double-edged dagger blade. Condition overall is fine - axe head is mottled age dark, copper and silver inlay with patina, no pitting. It would clean easily, though I left it as I found it. Shaft is solid, no cracks or repairs, though some of the surface shows wear - but nothing serious. The constant companion of the males of several ethnic groups in the Carpathian Mountains, known to Poles as the "ciupaga", to Slovaks as the "volashka", Hungarians as the "fokos", its use spread throughout the Carpathians from the 14th century, including parts of Hungary, Transylvania, Romania, Poland, the Ukraine and so on. It served as a masculine symbol, walking stick, tool and weapon; even, like the Highland Scottish claymore, appearing in folk dances. Amusingly, this axe is mentioned on several occasions in Stoker's immortal "Dracula"; for example, carried by the Slovak wagon drivers who transported the Count (concealed in his boxes of grave earth) to be carried by sea to England.   $800  
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1557) A Fine American Hope Saddle c.1860 - 90. Showing Mexican influence, this saddle retains all its requisite gear, iron-reinforced wood stirrups, girths, fenders, etc. Note the leather conchos. All leather still in fine condition, not breaking down or flaking. No damage or repairs.
This saddle de-accessioned from the Hershey, PA, museum (comes with papers). Previously from collection of N.W.Mayer (1876-1950). Mr. Mayer, son of a Civil War veteran, and himself a veteran of WW I, owned an extensive collection of military accoutrements.
   $950  
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1558) Merwin-Hulbert Small Frame Revolver. 3" barrel, .32 S&W Short CF cal. Full M-H address on rib, patent dates to Jan.9, 83. 5 shot cylinder. Barrel, cylinder and frame all have matching # 11913. Folding hammer spur. Original grips in ex. condition. Action in ex. like new working order; barrel lock-up to frame tight as new. Cylinder arbor and barrel exhibit the "pneumatic bounce" characteristic of a Merwin that has seen little use. Bore bright, ex. condition. Gun retains 90%+ original nickel in ex. condition, slight wear to backstrap and some light freckling right side lower frame. Ex. condition, entirely original.   $675    
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1560) South African Cape Gun. 32", .70 cal. octagonal barrel rifled with 3 shallow wide grooves for Minie bullet. Hook (patent) breech, genuine twist barrel marked "W.JOHNSON LONDON FINE TWIST", Enfield-style sight to 1000 yards. Bore rates VG+ to Fine, clean, slightly frosted in areas but no serious pitting, rifling very clear and sharp-edged even at muzzle. Lock in fine tight working order. Engraved german silver mounted full-stock, cheek rest, checkered wrist, barrel secured by 3 flat keys. VG+ stock shows minor dings and wear as you would expect from use, but is solid with no cracks or repairs, has not been cleaned. VG+ condition overall, completely original, including rammer.
Such guns were built to suite the tastes and needs of the Boer (Dutch) settlers of South Africa; the deep belly buttstock harks back to the first guns brought by the Dutch to South Africa in the 17th century, and is related to the Hudson River Valley fowler. In "Hunting Weapons", pl.92, Howard Blackmore illustrates a virtually identical gun, except it dates from c. 1820 and is in flint. The Boers had a marked affinity for multi-purpose guns, and this is no exception. In a pinch, the big caliber bore with its shallow Minie rifling could be used as a shotgun. Employed as a rifle, it used the same bullet as the British Pattern 1851 Minie Enfield Rifle; bullets / cartridges would have been available in the Cape Colony. The rear sight would serve well enough in a hunting capacity, but was also capable of filling a military role.
   $1,450  
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1564) American Silver-Hilted Sword of "Rhode Island" Type, Attributed to Seril Dodge. 33", triple fuller blade of so-called "Spanish" form, one of the most popular import blades of the Revolution. Hilt with silver lion head pommel, original silver wire wrapped grip, guard plate with turned edges and engraving, apparently made of silver covered "Sheffield" plate, a specialty of Seril Dodge, fitted with a locket sealing collar. For a further discussion of this type, see Mowbray "The American Eagle-Pommel Sword", p.48. Dodge's eagle-pommel sword there illustrated is dated c.1783, and it is thought the lion-pommel swords of his tend to be slightly earlier than the eagle motif. A group of virtually identical lion pommel silver swords appears in Hartzler's "Silver Mounted Swords - The Lattimer Family Collection", figs. 276 - 280. These swords share so many of the same features it is difficult to believe that they did not come from the same workshop. Number 276 also has a "...long, Spanish blade of the Revolutionary period..", and,"....is curved with three fullers at top". Its blade length is 33 3/4".
The hilt of the sword offered here bears a deep dark silver patina. It is missing the chain from pommel to guard, though both fittings to hold it are intact. The blade has a generally smooth dark age patina with some scattered pitting.
   $6,500    
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1565) Fine American Silver Mounted Sword c.1810. 32" plain, unmarked blade with broad shallow fuller, 6" false edge, smooth with only some light staining, still sharp. Appears to be of American manufacture. Silver hilt with stirrup guard, relief design on birds head pommel, cross-guard with scalloped indents both sides below embossed lower grip collar, eagle-head quillon finial. Fine ivory ribbed grip. Fine condition scabbard, leather solid, seam intact, silver locket and mid-mount (no dents) retain original leather hangers, locket missing frog stud, leather slightly shrunken. The lost chape was replaced during the sword's working life with a tooled leather drag that itself shows use and wear. I believe this was the sword of a mounted officer. Flayderman & Mowbray "American Swords from the Philip Medicus Collection", plate 129, # 129b, illustrate a nearly identical silver hilt - same decorative design on pommel, same stirrup guard with indents below collar, same embossing on collar, same eagle head quillon. It has an unmarked, curved broad fullered blade 28", very similar to the one I offer here. Both hilts have ivory grips of the same profile, though the Medicus sword has downward angled grooves in its grip. Almost certainly both came from the same source. Fine, all original example.   $4,800    
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1566) Fine Quality Pair Eibar Spanish Pistols dated 1856. 6", .66 cal. barrels with turned and roped muzzle rings, octagonal at breech to chiselled and roped baluster turnings, silver inlay on barrel and muzzle turnings, extensive silver inlay designs on round and oct. sections, inlaid "EN EIBAR / ESTABAN URCELA / ANO 1856". Barrels smooth overall, retain good traces of original brown finish (W.K.Neal "Spanish Guns and Pistols", pp.43-44 notes that by the 1830's browning was replacing blue as the preferred finish). All silver inlay intact and in fine condition. Lockplates, hammers, breech snails are all engraved, chiselled, and retain much original polish. Locks are true miquelet type, with the additional refinement that the heels of the hammers are fitted with rollers where they contact the mainsprings. Locks are in perfect tight working order. Locks, sideplates, belthooks, and all stock mounts are polished steel and retain most of this polish, the balance only slightly dulled. Original horn-tipped rammers. Solid stocks in ex. condition, no cracks or repairs, checkering crisp and ex. condition. Excellent condition, all original pair of fine quality.   $3,250  
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1567) Fine Pair French Naval Officer's Pistols c. 1780. 5 1/8" barrels, .53 cal. One lockplate signed "AMAT" , the other "TULLE" , both locks in ex. tight working order. Brass-mounted stocks in ex. crisp condition, never cleaned, no cracks or repairs, original belthooks and brass-tipped steel rammers, relief carved at fore-end, around mounts and lock, butts carved as ferocious mastiffs (Sea Dogs?!) with silver eyes. These two strongly resemble the French Navy Model 1779 boarding pistol, but whether the private market or the Navy first developed this unique type is not known to me. Tulle was the arsenal charged with providing firearms to the Navy and Marines, as well as certain other overseas French units and forces. Many private makers (who frequently contracted for government work) were located in Tulle, and certainly one of their specialties was providing arms for purchase by naval officers. Condition overall is excellent and sharp, a fine pair.   $6,200    
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1568) A Very Fine Silver-Mounted Neapolitan Gun in the Spanish Manner. 38" , .66 cal. octagonal to round barrel, silver spider fore sight, silver rear sight, silver rammer pipe and barrel band, silvered engraved tang. Stamped with deep square poincon "RF / Di / NAP" between fleurs-de-lys. This is the stamp of the Royal Neapolitan Arsenal; see Stockel p.1651, # 8642, for identical mark dated c.1768. W.K. Neal illustrates a Neapolitan miquelet pistol in the Ripoll style with a barrel marked by the Royal Arsenal in exactly the same austere style. Same square stamp with the same little cusp on each side, the only other marks being two fleurs-de-lys. This explains the absence of other fancy marks and gold inlays - the Royal Arsenal stamp says it all, no need for a plethora of private maker's stamps proving (or hoping to prove) authenticity. I can just imagine the penalty for faking the Royal Arsenal stamp.....
Excellent engraved miquelet lock of Spanish style (not a la Romana), gold lined deep maker's punchmark "M / AN / D?? / A" , flanked by engraved trophy of arms. Lock in crisp, tight working order. Fine+ to ex. stock of Madrid form, never cleaned, no cracks or repairs, only very minor few little dings, extensive high relief carving, all mounts of engraved silver consisting of barrel band, sling swivel, rammer entry pipe, trigger guard, sideplate, escutcheon plate, buttplate tang (plate itself is the original iron one to better take the wear of grounding). Only damage anywhere on gun is that the silver butt sling swivel has lost the lower part of its loop. Original wood rammer with silver tip and iron threaded ferrule on other end. Elegant gun of fine quality and condition, completely original, Fine+ to Ex. overall.
   $6,250  
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1569) Pair of Antique Ceramic Figures of Napoleonic French Cavalrymen. Height 12". Underside of bases stamped with numbers and the beehive mark of the Royal Austrian Ceramic Works circa 1870's (I am told). These are apparently two of a larger set. I have had these for some 20 years. Genuine antiques, completely intact with no repairs, and exhibiting great detail. The pair:   $700  
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1573) Bronze Age Luristan Dagger Circa 1500 - 1000 BC. Overall length 14 1/4", blade double edged of flattened diamond section. Hilt with raised edges to enclose long-vanished grip scales (ivory, bone, horn, etc.). Blade shows wear from frequent sharpening during period of use over 3000 years ago. Completely genuine   $400    
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1575) Firearms Curiousa: Belgian Box-Lock Pistol c. 1840-50. 3 1/4" turn-off brass barrel with moulded lion heads at muzzle. Engraved steel action, Liege proof. Solid checkered grip with german silver escutcheon and cap-box butt cap. VG untouched condition, but action needs attention to work. The monster-headed muzzle was intended to increase the appeal of an otherwise prosaic box-lock pistol in the Eastern market. Liege rarely missed a chance to exploit a market, wherever in the world it might be. There survives a remarkable Liege salesroom sample rack of more than a dozen longarm barrels with just such muzzle decoration (each different) and full-length engraving, all calculated to appeal to Eastern tastes.   $375    
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1580) A Rare French Officer's Presentation Sword dated 1828. 30" blade etched on back "MANUFre ROYALE DE KLINGENTHAL Str 1828 S.A." and in large letters in the obverse fuller "DONNE PAR LE ROI" (Given by the King). Blade retains much original polish, all etching sharp and clear as new. Brass hilt retains 10 - 15% gilding, leather covered grip missing brass wire except for a few turns near pommel. About 700 or so of these presentation Model 1821 Infantry Officers swords were given to graduating officers of the Ecoles Militaires from 1822 to 1830. Steel scabbard with mostly smooth dark age patina, 3 small dents on reverse near drag. Untouched VG condition.   $600  
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1581) Imperial German Model 1871 Cavalry Carbine. 20" barrel, 11mm cal. Usual profuse German proofs, barrel marked "OESTERR. WAFFFB. GES." (Austrian contract production for Germany). All-matching numbers, bolt, bolt head, receiver, barrel, barrel band, muzzle cap, screwheads, etc. Fine bright bore, sharp rifling, ex. tight working order. Solid, uncleaned stock with typical service dings and dents, no cracks. Barrel retains nearly all original blue; receiver (issued "in the white") now has a smooth mottled light age patina (not pitting). Complete in "as issued" condition.   $1,300  
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1582) British Pattern 1908 Troopers Cavalry Sword, Canadian Issue. Blade dated 1918, various inspectors' stamps, etc. Guard stamped with C Broad Arrow and "ALH" (Alberta Light Horse). Scabbard also Canadian issue unit markings "LSH". After the Great War, all Canadian CEF battalions were disbanded or reorganized, and most swords sent to stores depots where damaged swords and scabbards were discarded and good swords paired with good scabbards with little concern for matching unit markings. Condition overall is fine+, undented scabbard with smooth clean metal matching guard, both retain 95% original dull polish. Blade ex. condition, smooth and clean, all markings clear.   $600  
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1584) Spanish Cavalry Sword. 36" blade (measured from cup), stamped with various marks indicating Royal ownership, including "Cs IV (Carlos 4th) and "To 1801" (Toledo), other deep stamps on ricasso inside guard. The crossguard is twice stamped with Crowned "R" mark. Grip bound with original twisted copper wire in good condition. Good honest sword in all respects, well-marked. For identical type 1796 sword, see plates 150-151, "Spanish Military Weapons in Colonial America 1700-1821", Brinckerhoff & Chamberlain.   $1,550    
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1585) British Blunderbuss/Musketoon for Merchant Marine Service, c.1820-40. 18" , thick-walled iron barrel, bore is 1 7/8" at muzzle (barrel width at muzzle 2 5/16"). Birmingham proofs, barrel retains considerable original brown finish. Weight of gun is 11 1/2" lbs. Lock is a British military surplus New Land Pattern in ex. crisp working order; this lock is generally acknowledged to be the best designed and best built ever used on a British military flintlock musket. Marked with Crown over "GR" , "TOWER", lock inspector's stamp. Solid brass mounted stock in fine condition, no cracks or repairs, has seen little use as these arms were stored in an arms chest and only deployed when needed. Sea Service type trigger guard. Original rammer. The use of British military surplus parts, especially locks, on such arms as this was a widespread practice. It ensured that a gun which was kept as low-cost as possible got a reliable, crown inspected part at a fraction of the cost of a comparable quality new-made component. A real deck-sweeper!   $3,500  
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1589) US Civil War Officer's Dirk. 8" overall length, 4 3/4" double-edged blade marked "WEST & SONS / IR_ _ _ ORKS / SHEFFIELD" (indistinct letters probably Iron Works). Bone handle nicely engraved "PRESERVE THE UNION". German silver cross guard and scabbard mounts. Upper scabbard mount engraved "CAPt / S.H. GRAY / 7th Ct. Inf. / 1861". Upper mount is missing its little frog stud, otherwise scabbard is in VG condition, no restoration, original leather showing its age with some edge wear. Captain Gray was commissioned into Co.K, 7th CT Infantry 9/13/1861, and resigned 1/27/1864. His service records along with those of the 7th Infantry accompany the dirk. A fine memento of stirring times.   $1,400    
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1590) French Chassepot Infantry Rifle made by Potts & Hunt, London. 31 1/2" barrel (standard length, sights, bayonet bar, etc.) bears several French inspectors' poincons, serial # 18269, date 1869. Receiver marked "POTTS et HUNT'S / a LONDRES / Mle 1866". Matching bolt # 18269. Ex. working order, retains rubber obturating washer and needle. Bore like new, bright mint. Smooth metal overall has light patina, no pitting. Ramrod # 31 matches #31 stamped on buttplate tang. Fine+ solid stock, never cleaned, almost no dings, matching # 18269 on left side butt. Buttplate bears anchor stamp of French Navy - I have seen it stated that many of the Potts & Hunt production went to the Navy. A fine+, all original complete example. The skill and courage of the French Naval Brigades, fighting as infantry in the Franco-Prussian War, is famous.   $1,300  
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1591) Prussian Dreyse Needlefire Model 1857 Cavalry Carbine. 15 1/4" barrel, standard issue backsight with folding leaf, marked "STAHL", "FW" under crown, serial # 896 (all matching 896 on receiver, bolt, cocking piece, trigger guard plate, every screwhead), barrel stamped with small Prussian eagle same stamp on bolt and receiver, 6 inspectors' stamps on barrel, 3 on receiver. Receiver marked "SOEMMERDA N.D. / Mod. 57" and dated 1861. Bolt has 2 inspectors' stamps. Uncleaned solid stock in ex. condition, no cracks or repairs, deep clear inspectors' stamps in obverse butt, plus 3 more on lower edge; virtually no dings at all. Action in ex. crisp working order, needle intact. Sharp edged metal with deep clear markings, smooth "as issued" in the white condition. Rear sight retains original blacking. Absolutely no pitting anywhere on gun and brass mounts are in ex. condition. Bore is like new, bright deep sharp rifling. Complete and in ex. condition overall, as good as you could find.   $6,500  
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1592) British Irish Constabulary Pistol. 4 1/2" barrel, .65 cal (17 bore), London view and proof marks, double-struck Broad Arrow (indicating sold out of Crown Stores), stamped with Crown over "O" over Broad Arrow, the "O" seems to have been stamped to obliterate "TP" mark (Tower Proof). Right side receiver engraved "TOWER / 1852", reverse side "CROWN VR". Grip stamped Broad Arrow over "BO". (Board of Ordnance). Right side grip with 2 crown insectors stamps. Grip solid no cracks or repairs, uncleaned, just a few light dings. Metal overall smooth age patina, deep clear markings, several small areas of minor corrosion. Action ex. crisp working order. Complete and all original. 500 pistols of this pattern were ordered from Hollis Brothers in 1848. This explains the London commercial proofs on a Crown owned arm. They were intended to arm Irish Constabulary personal "....when serving in plain clothes on special duty".   $2,000    
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1593) French Year 13 Cavalry Pistol. Standard An XIII in all respects. 8", .69 cal barrel dated "B 1813", tang "M An 13", inspector's poincon "GS" and star near vent. Lock engraved "MANUf IMP / de St ETIENNE", inspector's poincon "S". Exterior lock screws numbered "5" (probably inside too, but I didn't remove lock), both side nails "5" also. All brass mounts stamped with Crown over "G". Fine working order, all markings clear, generally smooth age patina with small areas minor corrosion. Original rammer. Solid fine+ stock, never cleaned, only few minor dings, stamped "I. FAURE" in counter-lock flat; obverse grip "P.C.1814" ; reverse stamped with small dies "WATERLOO MUSEE". Brass mounts with deep mustard patina. Fine, all original pistol. There were several museums set up in the vicinity of Waterloo. The most well-known was Sgt.Major Cotton's hotel and museum opened in 1826. Cotton collected several thousand items reputed to be from the battlefield - some certainly authentic relics of the battle, others less so. Though Cotton died in 1844, his descendants maintained the collection until 1909, when the 3000 item inventory was sold at auction in Brussels, and dispersed to the collectors of the world.   $1,550    
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1594) French Model 1770 Marechaussee Pistol. 5", .60 cal. barrel. Lock engraved "MAUBEUGE / MANUF Rle". Fine working order. Solid stock, uncleaned, no cracks or repairs. Smooth metal overall with light age patina. Original ramrod. Conforms to regulation model in all respects. This pistol was direct ancestor of the Year IX Gendarmerie pistol.   $1,500  
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1595) Webley .442 Revolver Retailed by Adams & Company. 3 1/2" barrel stamped with Birmingham proofs and Webley serial # 3062. Cylinder pin #3062; cylinder with tiny Bir. proofs and # 3062. Frame has Bir. proof and is stamped with Adams inventory # 3198 on front with different dies ( the Webley # 3062 would be on the frame under the one-piece grip which I did not remove because of the perfect untouched heads on the screws that hold it in position). Top strap engraved "ADAMS & Co / 9 FINSBURY PLACE SOUTH LONDON". Henry Adams, retail gunsmith, at 9 Finsbury Place South 1869 - 1879, moved to new address 1880. Ex.+ checkered one-piece grip, no cracks or repairs. Ex.tight working order and indexing. Retains about 50% bright original blue, balance drifted to light plum. Bore fine+ to ex., bright with deep clear rifling. The polished bright parts - loading gate, cylinder pin and ejector rod, hammer, trigger - retain most original polish. Fine unbuggered screw heads.
It was Webley's policy to supply guns unmarked with Webley name or trademarks to retailers that wished to put only their name and address on the gun. Due to some retailers passing off cheap guns as Webleys, this changed in August 1889, and henceforward no gun left the factory without Webly's name and trademarks. The quality of this revolver brand it as a Webley. An exact same type of revolver appears in plate 28b, "The Webley Story", by Dowell. It dates c. 1872.
   $1,400  
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1596) Spanish Deringer / Pocket Pistol c. 1835-40. 3 1/2" barrel, .67 cal., decorated with silver inlay design. Miquelet lock with hammer sculpted in the form of a lion; lock in ex. crisp working order. Solid uncleaned stock, checkered grip with steel buttcap, engraved steel mounts. A very distinctive style of pistol, still trying to maintain the standards of fine workmanship that had made Spanish guns and barrels famous in earlier years. Probably made in Eibar. In "Spanish Guns and Pistols", plates 93-96, W.Keith Neal illustrates guns with similar mounts and hammers. Fine overall condition.   $1,500  
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1598) Early Australian Naval Sword of "Her Majesty's Colonial Navy". 31" blade of regulation Royal Navy type, maker "THURKLE / SOHO / LONDON" , etched with scrolls, etc., and on both sides with a Queen's crown over an anchor surrounded by letters "HMCN". Hilt of RN Pattern 1827, ex. original shagreen grip and wire wrap, original porte epee of RN type. Cartouche cast with crown and anchor plus letters "HMCN". Thurkle worked at 5 Denmark St., Soho, 1876 - 1899. Blade retains most original polish, etching in ex. condition. Scabbard is ex. also, no dents in mounts, and leather solid - no cracks or crimps and seam intact. In 1854, New South Wales became the first of Australia's colonies to outfit a warship, the "Spitfire". Soon, four other colonies commissioned warships as well. Collectively, these steam sloops, gunboats, monitors, torpedo boats, etc., were named Her Majesty's Colonial Navy, though each colony maintained control over its own ship(s). This changed in 1901 with Federation, and the amalgamated force was then named the Commonwealth Naval Force, becoming officially the Royal Australian Navy in 1911   $1,200    
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1599) Early Issue Remington New Model Army. 8" barrel, early type german silver cone foresight, stamped on lower flat with SN 30259 (matching 30259 on rear of cylinder, inside trigger guard and frame under grips). Top flat of barrel marked "PATENTED SEPT 14 1858 / E.REMINGTON & SONS. ILION NEWYORK U.S.A." (note: early New Model production did not include "NEW MODEL" in barrel address). In-house inspectors' initials "J" and "A" on frame and barrel. Ex. grips, uncleaned, show nearly no wear, no cracks or repairs, deep stamped inspector's cartouche on left grip. Action in ex.crisp working order and indexing; bore ex.+, bright with sharp rifling. Metal retains 80% fine original blue overall, balance (mostly on frame) has drifted to smooth very light plum, all edges are sharp, all markings clear like new. Rates as ex. overall.   $3,400  
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1601) Calisher & Terry Sporting Rifle. 30" oct. barrel, approx. 50 cal. (receiver marked "40 BORE"), ladder sight to 900 yds, barrel retains overall dulled twist finish; top flat engraved "CALISHER & TERRY LONDON". Bore is deeply rifled, mint bright sharp rifling. Engraved receiver retains mottled faded case hardening, hammer and lockplate have fine quality engraving, marked "CALISHER & TERRY / LONDON". Action and lock in ex. working order, fine intact nipple. Solid stock, no cracks or repairs, retains 90% varnish, high quality sharp checkering, horn fore end tip, engraved steel mounts, trigger guard retains much original bright blue, engraved SN "4100". Original sling swivels. A fine untouched rifle.   $3,700  
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1602) British Pattern 1796 Heavy Cavalry Sword, Unmodified. 35 1/4" original unmodified hatchet point blade, maker "DAWES" on back, crown inspector's stamp. Full, unmodified hilt retains all original leather on grip; original buff leather throat washer. Scabbard with dull steel finish matching hilt, neither hilt or scabbard were ever pitted. Lower scabbard above drag has several service dents and dings. Blade is smooth and clean, edge has several minor nicks that do not detract. A VG+ sword in rare unmodified condition.   $3,200    
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1604) A Scarce and Near-Mint Royal Air Force Sword, from the Reign of George V (1910-36). 32 1/2" blade etched with Royal Arms, scrolls, spread wings surmounted by Crown, gilt proof mark, # 16601, and marked "MADE IN ENGLAND" on back. Regulation hilt of gilt copper, oval cartouche in relief of crown over eagle, guard pierced with cypher of "GR V". Eagle pommel; white rayskin grip retains original wire wrap. Original porte epee. Blade is mint, retains all original polish, original buff leather throat washer. Hilt retains 95% gilding with just slight almost undetectable wear to outboard edge (and I do mean "slight"). Regulation scabbard mounts retain 90%+ gilding, no dents, leather ex.+ shows no wear, no cracks or repairs. An early RAF sword in magnificent condition.   $1,900  
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1605) A Fine Pattern 1857 Royal Volunteer Engineer's Sword. 32" blade etched with Crown, "VR", cannon, "VOLUNTEER / ENGINEERS" with corps badge, retailer "ALGAR / & WOOD / WARRINGTON". Blade retains all original bright polish, etching like new/mint (has 2 tiny edge nicks that are so small they do not detract). Brass guard retains all original gilding, is undented, ex. to mint condition; grip retains all original shagreen and wire wrap in ex. condition. Original buff leather throat washer. Iron scabbard with smooth age patina, no dents whatever. A handsome and distinctive sword in ex.+ condition.   $975  
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1606) English Cavalry Saber made for American Market. Broad, curved 32 1/2" heavy blade identical to British 1796 Light Cavalry Pattern (same weight, dimensions, balance). Brass stirrup guard, grooved wood grip retains all original leather covering in fine condition. Impressive all-brass scabbard with usual dents and dings, not serious, and still very much in an attractive and acceptable appearance. Hilt and scabbard with matching and pleasing toned patina. Blade is fine+ to ex. condition, just some areas of minor staining over original polish, and still sharp.   $900  
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1607) Indian Katar with Guard, 17th - 18th Century. Wide, 12" multi-fullered blade. Reinforced curving handguard with engraved and scalloped borders, tiger head finial to central rib; engraved side bars. Shows great age, with several minor working-life repairs. Smooth dark age patina overall, no rust   $750  
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1608) Indian Katar, 17th - 18th Century. 12" triple-fullered blade cut down from Firangi (European) sword blade. Areas of guard chiseled with foliage patterns, remainder pierced with myriad small square holes. Shows fine workmanship and great age, though metal is generally smooth overall.   $675  
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1609) Good Indian Suit of Mail and Plate Armour. Composed of alternate rows of solid and riveted links, four large breast plates with lace loops, smaller plates at sides and five rows of overlapping scales on back These scales overlap each other by two-thirds, ensuring that any thrust or cut must penetrate the thickness of two layers. The suit's links are graduated in thickness and diameter, heavier on the upper body and becoming lighter towards the bottom (where there would be leg armour as well), and on the lower arms. There is an inscription on the upper right breastplate. Its type and location suggests this may have come from the known group of 16th and 17th century suits captured by Anup Singh, Maharajah of Bikaner, when, acting as the General of the Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb's army, he took by siege the Fortress of Adoni in 1689.
This generall style of mail, plate, and scale armour was widely popular from Turkey, Eastern Europe including Russia, Persia, Central Asia, and India for centuries. Condition is VG, suit is intact and complete.
   $2,500  
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1610) Spanish/Italian Cabasset circa 1620. Hammered from one piece of metal, the skull exhibits the typical peak and flat brim with turned over edges, stamped with the mark of the Barberini family, a coronet over a shield bearing 3 bees. The Barberini family of Italian nobility rose to prominence in the 17th century. Cardinal Maffeo Barberini became Pope Urban VIII in 1623. He promptly appointed a nephew, Taddeo Barberini Prefect of Rome and Commander of Sant'Angelo, originally the tomb of Hadrian and for centuries the greatest stronghold in Rome. This helmet is one of a group of morions and cabassets from the old Papal armoury, many of which are now in the Museo Storico Vaticano in the Lateran Palace, Rome.

PS: Regarding Urban's desire to increase Papal armaments, many Romans were outraged when he removed ancient bronze beams from the portico of the Pantheon and sent the metal to the Papal cannon foundry.
   $1,750  
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1612) Very fine European Crossbow c. 1580-1600. Heavy, powerful steel bow 25 1/2" tip to tip, 2 1/2" wide at the tiller (stock) and 7/16" thick. Front (belly) of bow chiseled with 5 parallel lines in relief, back stamped with two armourer's marks. One-piece steel stirrup, heavy bow-irons secure bow by the usual steel wedges. The original period bowstring is still present, frayed and missing a few strands. Weight of crossbow is 12 1/2 lbs. Entire stock is inlaid with green stained and white staghorn in a vine and leaf pattern, together with engraved MOP oval and circular panels. Steel spring curves over to hold nock of bolt against string. Just behind this is a folding backsight with a single peep hole and "V" notch at top. According to Payne-Gallwey, "The Crossbow", p.136, these sights used the head of the bolt as a foresight. The nut is carved from the traditional material, staghorn, and has a steel wedge inserted for the sear lever to bear upon. A series of spring-loaded levers is housed within the stock (you can see four cross pins which these levers pivot on in the stock); this mechanism is set by pushing a rod downward through a hole in the comb of the stock about 1 1/2" behind the rearsight hinge. This is a system commonly employed on many of the powerful crossbows of the 15th - 16th centuries, and through the mechanical advantage of leverage allows a reasonable trigger pull to release the great force of the steel bow. It is still in working order on this crossbow. A cranequin or windlass of some sort was used to span the bow, held in place by the slot in the butt. This slot is reinforced by a thick steel bolt which passes through from the comb to the bottom of the stock., where it is riveted over. This method of positioning the winder allows the upward curve which provides the shooter with a cheek rest, something a straight stock did not.
Every aspect of this crossbow exhibits quality workmanship, from the steel forgings to the inlays. There is no restoration or repair of any sort, nor does it need any. About four of the tiny leafs of the inlay are missing, you can scarcely notice this even when you look for it. No worming, no damage, no restoration - all original.
   $9,800  
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1613) Fine Italian Silver Inlaid Swept-hilt Rapier circa 1610. 43" blade (measured from crossguard), flattened diamond cross-section, signed on obverse "SEBASTIAN" and on reverse "HERNANDEZ", and stamped with the punch marks of Toledo and Sebastian Hernandez the Elder ("el viejo") working dates 1599- 1637. Three-ring guard, pommel, hilt bars and quillons spiral chiseled with flutes, and inlaid with silver - true inlay, not mere surface damascening. Original twisted wire grip and turk's heads. Blade in ex. condition, clean and smooth, no pitting, still sharp, deep clear markings (never rusted and then overcleaned). Hilt probably originally blued to accent the silver, now a smooth age dark patina, very little wear, silver inlay intact. No breaks, damage or repairs/restoration. An unusually fine condition original rapier, quite likely kept for centuries in one of the many private noble armouries dispersed by the tumult of the first half of the 20th century. Once the property of Sir Charles Clore (d.1979), London merchandising millionaire and art collector. A copy of the receipt obtained by the previous owner accompanies sword.   $12,000  
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1615) British Light Company or Rifle Regiment Officer's Sword c. 1805. Strongly curved 27 1/2" flat blade (measured on the chord), 11" false edge, etched for 2/3's its length with floral and vine designs, Britannia with shield, "WARRANTED", Royal Arms under Crown (appears to be post-1801 Arms), Winged Victory, etc. Etching is worn and faint, but can mostly be made out - it was never deep etching to begin with. Blade is smooth with no pitting to speak of, just a surface patina. Steel hilt, grip retains original shagreen and silver wire wrapping, it is partially cracked at upper end near pommel, but not broken through. Steel scabbard has but two very shallow dents - you must look quite closely to see them at all. Missing the lower suspension ring, leaving a small hole in the band where it was afixed. Hilt and scabbard have overall matching smooth patina but almost no pitting.   $1,250  
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1616) Wilkinson Brass Mounted Cutlass c. 1860. 28" flat blade with 7" false edge, very similar in form to RN Pattern 1845 blade. Sturdy brass guard, grip retains all shagreen in fine condition, but is missing all its wire wrapping except for one turn. Stiff leather scabbard solid no cracks, crimps or repairs, seam intact, surface flaked; brass mounts undented. Blade smooth with mottled surface staining but not pitted.   $700  
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1618) French Model 1873 Ordnance Revolver. 4 1/2" barrel, marked on top "Mle 1873" and dated 1877. 11mm cal. All matching #'s cylinder, barrel, cylinder pin, frame, hammer, trigger-guard, interior parts, etc. Ex. tight working order and indexing, smooth "in the white" as issued metal, ex.+ bright bore with sharp rifling. Fine grips show only minor service wear, no cracks or repairs.   $850    
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1619) Pair of English Coat Pistols c. 1840-50. 4", .54 cal., octagonal barrels with hook breeches with platinum inlay lines, maker's name "J.C.REILLY LONDON" (Joseph Charles Reilly 1830-58). Engraved locks marked "REILLY". Fine+ stocks retain most original varnish, no cracks or repairs, engraved iron mounts, silver barrel key and wrist escutcheons. Smooth clean metal with sharp edges, all engraving, markings deep and clear. Locks in ex.+ crisp working order. Nice pair of above average quality and condition.   $1,800  
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1620) Indo-Persian Kulah-Khud. Surface overall chiseled/etched with foliage, mounted archers, game animals, and extensive bands of well-executed Arabic script. Mail aventail with long points, woven with brass links in patterns, ex. condition with no holes or missing links. Skull is age dark, uncleaned but smooth. Sliding nasal with thumb-screw retainer. Spike threads into boss on top of skull - these threads are somewhat stripped, but it holds well enough for display.   $900  
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1621) Turkish/Persian Kilij. Strongly curved 31" 18th century blade of pure Turkish kilij form with 9 1/2" yelman, T-back spine, and gold damas at forte (bit of wear to gold design). Blade shows mild age patina but is smooth and unpitted; rings like a bell when lightly struck. Steel hilt with monster head quillons, well-chiseled with arabesques highlighted by gold damas.   $1,800    
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1622) British Pattern 1853 Cavalry Saber. 35 1/2" blade, back marked "REEVES", Crown inspector's stamp of crown/B/13. Original leather throat washer. Iron guard, checkered compressed leather grips show minor wear. Scabbard VG+, light age patina, only one minor dent near drag on reverse (inboard) side. Blade near mint, bright original polish. This was the first British pattern for universal issue to all cavalry, light or heavy. The 1853 was definitely used by some regiments at Balaclava (for example, the Scots Grays in the Heavy Cavalry Charge), though the degree of its distribution amongst the Light Cavalry in their famous Charge is uncertain.   $750    
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1623) Bronze Age Luristan Dagger circa 1500 BC. Double edged blade with pronounced medial ridge, 13 3/4" in length (o.a. length 18 1/2"). Crescent moldings at shoulders. A fairly large dagger, very well cast and of good form. Genuine Bronze Age dagger some 3000+ years old.   $600    
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1624) Scottish Officer's Sword of the Seaforth Highlanders c.1898, with Field Service Cross-Guard. 32 3/4" claymore blade, maker "S.J.PILLIN / 31 GERRARD St. / SOHO / LONDON", with Pillin's proof-mark (Septimus John Pillin, 31 Gerrard St. from 1881 to 1922, then absorbed by Wilkinson). Blade etched with Royal Arms, Victorian Cypher, 19 Battle Honours including "JAVA, MYSORE, SOUTH AFRICA 1885, HINDOOSTAN, SEVASTOPOL, KABUL 1870, LUCKNOW, AFGHANISTAN 1878/80, EGYPT 1882, TEL-EL-KEBIR" (no Second Boer War Honours). Further etched "SEAFORTH / HIGHLANDERS / ROTHSHIRE BUFFS / THE DUKE OF ALBANY'S", also "ASSAYE" over elephant and regimental motto "CUIDICH 'N RIGH" (Guard the King). The family crest of a chained goose over the motto "FEIGHT" appear above the initials of the owner, The Honourable Charles Henry Murray St.Clair ("S" entwined with small "T" and large "C" enclosing small "C"). Charles St.Clair was the younger son of the Right Hon. Charles William St.Clair, 15th Baron Sinclair. He was born 1878, educated at Eton and Royal Military College Sandhurst. Gazetted to 2nd Battalion Seaforth Highlanders in May, 1898. Served in South African War of 1899-1902, advance on Kimberly, engagements of Magersfontein, Paardeberg, Poplar Grove, and Driefontein. Action at Wittebergen.

Posted as Captain to 1st Battalion Seaforths in Agra, India, and landed in France Oct., 1914 with Indian Expeditionary Force. Killed in action 20th Dec., 1914.

At this early stage in the Great War, British officers still commonly wore their swords in action. When Captain St.Clair's sword was returned to his family, the leather field service scabbard (perhaps damaged) was evidently replaced with the all-steel nickel-plated dress scabbard worn only with the full-dress claymore basket-hilt, not the field service hilt the sword still bears. See pics for complete research done by former owner.

Blade is edged professionally for active service, VG+ condition, all etching clear, only small patches of light pitting. Pommel and cross-guard have some pitting and wear to nickel finish (they were used in two wars), grip retains original shagreen covering and twisted silver wire wrap. This cross-guard is the one provided by Pillin with the sword; the inside angles of the rectangular hole in the guard are cut to precisely fit the taper of the tang perfectly - when in place it is snug and permits no movement at all. Comes with all related research material.   $1,700    

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1625) Prussian Zundnadel - Infanterigewehr M-1862. 32 1/2" barrel with inspectors' stamps, "STAHL", "FW" under crown. Backsight with one standing and two folding leaves. Receiver marked "ZG MOD 62", and marked with spread-wing eagle, inspectors' stamps, dated 1868. Original sling swivels and ball-headed rammer with jag. Stock covered with heavy dark varnish. Bolt opens revealing needle but does not operate correctly - needs tinkering. Bore dark but deeply rifled. All parts are original, and surface of metal ranges from smooth to light to medium pitting (especially buttplate), however, all markings as noted can be seen. Brass mounts are in fine condition. Metal could be improved with a proper cleaning, but worth the price for parts alone   $750    
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1626) British Second Model Brunswick Rifle. 30 1/8" , .70 cal barrel, correct Government proofs (Crowns, Broad Arrows, etc.). Ex. bright bore with sharp 2-groove rifling. Lock with "CROWN / VR / TOWER 1847", lock inspector's stamp, ex.+ working order. Brass mounted stock solid, has crisp edges, stamped with inspectors' stamps, "BO" over Broad Arrow, small chip at toe (the original chip glued back in place). Original sling swivels; replaced rammer of correct pattern. Fading and mottled blue finish of uncertain date. Metal is smooth, unpitted, all markings fine and clear.   $3,500  
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1627) British Pattern 1851 Minie Rifle Musket. 39 1/8" barrel, .70 cal. rifled with four grooves, bore VG+ to fine with deep clear rifling. All markings are on bottom of barrel: Birmingham proofs, "815", initials "R&WA" (R&W Aston, Birmingham), initials "WB" and "EZRA MILLWARD" ( 1827-69 Stockel). Ezra Millward was a barrel maker who obtained frequent contracts with British military (see Barry & Best "Suppliers to the Confederacy" pp.47, 57). R&W Aston specialized in ramrods, barrel bands, sights, bayonets, etc. (ibid. p.47). Lock in fine working order, no markings. In all respects except for markings, this rifle is identical to military issue P-51. Solid, uncleaned stock, no cracks or repairs. The exterior part of the Lovell's bayonet spring catch is broken off and missing, though the base is still attached to the underside of barrel. The accompanying bayonet is not Crown inspected, it is stamped with initials "WB" as seen on barrel as well as the "R&WA" seen on the backsight. It is obviously the original bayonet as supplied with the rifle. All metal smooth with original age dark/plum finish. Original rammer, replaced swivels. It might be thought this P-51 was made to supply the relatively small British Militia of the early 1850's, except these units were accustomed to receiving semi-obsolete Government arms. By the time of the popular Volunteer Militia movement of the 1860's (prompted by a French invasion scare), the P-51 would have been considered hopelessly outdated. But the overwhelming American demand for arms at the outset of the Civil War might well have encouraged these Birmingham makers to set up Pattern 1851's from stock left over from canceled Government contracts, when, back in 1852-3, the Pattern 1853 was adopted before any more than 35,000 P-51's were completed for the Crown.   $3,500    
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1628) U.S. Model 1888 "Trapdoor" Infantry Rifle. 32 5/8", .45-70 cal. barrel marked with "V /P" and eaglehead. Lock stamped with Eagle and "U.S. / SPRINGFIELD". Breech block marked "US / MODEL / 1884" (note: all Model 1888's are dated 1884 on breech block) Serial # 512321. Fine solid stock, never cleaned, no cracks or repairs, usual but minor service dings, buttstock deeply stamped with unit numbers - same # 34 on buttplate. Stock has deep clear cartouche dated 1891, another cartouche behind trigger guard tang. Original ramrod/bayonet, and sling and stacking swivels. Action in ex. crisp working order, bore bright fine+ to ex., all screw heads unbuggered. Smooth clean metal overall, original blue drifted to plum, retains sharp edges. Complete, all-original and should make a fine shooter.   $675    
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1629) British Pattern 1839 Infantry Musket. 39", .75 cal barrel, Government proofs on breech (Crown, Broad Arrow, Crown over crossed sceptres). Lock marked "CROWN / VR / TOWER 1850"; lock inspector's stamp; in ex. crisp working order. Fine condition solid stock, uncleaned, no cracks or repairs, stamped with various inspectors' stamps and Pimlico Arsenal rondel "PIMLICO / Crown over Broad Arrow and WO / 1860". Original rammer and sling swivels. Gun sent to Pimlico in 1860 for complete refurbishing which also included fitting a block backsight to bring the P-39 into line with the P-42. Smooth clean metal overall, original browned finish blending with age patina. Fine, untouched example   $1,600  
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1630) British Issue P-53 Bayonet. 17" triangular blade with Enfield marking; smooth and clean with tiny areas of surface stain. Socket retains all original blue in ex. condition. Brass-mounted scabbard stamped with Broad Arrow and "WD" , and unit markings. Fine solid leather, no repairs, intact seam.   $175  
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1631) Wilkinson "Reduced Bore" Minie Rifle for 1852 Trials. 39" barrel .55 cal (for use with .53" Minie), rifled with 5 grooves, engraved "WILKINSON LONDON", secured in stock with 3 flat keys. Bayonet stud underside of barrel. Rear sight resembles 1851 Pattern, but is nearly 1" shorter due to flatter trajectory; sighted to 900 yds. Fine bead foresight is drift adjustable for windage - a useful aide to marksmanship suitable for a Trials rifle, but that would not fare well in combat issue. Bore is ex., bright with sharp rifling. Lock engraved "WILKINSON" , ex. crisp working order. Solid stock, never cleaned, no cracks or repairs, brass mounts. Sling swivels probably replaced; rammer is old, period item, but is from some other gun. See C.H.Roads "The British Soldier's Firearm", pp.48-60 for discussion of Wilkinson rifle and its rivals in the Trials.   $5,500  
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1632) British Pattern 1853 Rifle-Musket, 2nd Pattern. 39", .577 cal. barrel rifled with 3 grooves, stamped at breech with various Crown proofs and inspectors' stamps, double-struck Broad Arrow (sold out of Stores). Lock with "Crown over VR" and "1856 / TOWER", lock inspector's stamp. Fine crisp working order. Stock is solid, not cleaned or sanded, no cracks or repairs, Pimlico Arsenal rondel with double struck Broad Arrow like barrel; "2" for Second Class Arm. Original swollen rammer and rear swivel - front swivel missing. Bore is VG - good deep rifling with some roughness that could be improved with cleaning. Note that this rifle has no Eastern markings, nor does it have the unmistakable look of a gun sent to the East. The buttplate tang is engraved "Cb / 186", a marking unknown to me.   $1,150  
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1633) British Martini-Henry Mk.III Infantry Rifle. 33 1/8" barrel, .577-450 cal., standard Crown proofs and inspectors' stamps. Right side receiver marked with Crown over "VR / BSA&M Co / 1882 / Crown over Broad Arrow / III / 1" (First Class Arm). Buttstock bears "BSA&M Co BIRMINGHAM" in rondel enclosing "WD" under Broad Arrow. Rondel over "III / 1". Various inspectors' stamps on metal and wood. Uncleaned solid stocks, no cracks or repairs, several minor chips out of upper wrist where it enters receiver socket { a common occurrence on M-H buttstocks caused by over-enthusiastic drill). Action in ex. working order, bore bright with ex.+ deep sharp rifling. Smooth metal overall with sharp edges, most original blue turned plum, all markings deep and unworn. Screw heads unbuggered. Never arsenal refurbished, and definitely never sent East. Original ramrod and swivels.   $1,150    
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1634) Nice Pair Ketland Flint Pistols c. 1790. 7 7/8", .55 cal. brass barrels, London proofs, engraved "LONDON". Sharp eyed readers will note the "London" proofs are not entirely correct, and suspect that since these pistols were without doubt made for the American market, the wily Ketlands applied the value-enhancing "London" proofs themselves, and sent the guns straight to Philadelphia, thus avoiding the Proof House fees. Locks marked "KETLAND & Co." (Philadelphia 1789-99). Locks in fine working order, except that one lock will not quite hold a full-cock, though the half-cock position is fine. Fine+ solid stocks, no cracks or repairs, engraved brass mounts, open-work sideplates. All original in every respect, never cleaned, untouched. A fine pair of a type very popular with U.S. Militia during this era.

Note:This pair would go very well with Sword # 1606 on this list above.
   $2,800  
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1635) Webley British Bull Dog. 2 3/8" barrel, .442CF cal., marked on top flat "P.WEBLEY & SON", and on right side "LONDON & BIRMINGHAM". Top flat ramp inclines upward from frame to muzzle, barrel stamped with two tiny Birmingham proofs. 5-shot cylinder stamped over each chamber with same proof; rear face matching number "711" (frame # is 24711).Top strap marked "THE BRITISH / BULL DOG"; left side frame in front of cylinder marked "WEBLEY'S / No.2 / 442 CF" ( Webley's name and No.2 partially obscured by a patch of pitting from gap flash but enough can be seen to make out - the .442 CF is quite clear). Under these markings is Webley's famous Winged Bullet and serial # 24711. Bore is VG+, deeply rifled with 8 grooves; action functions double or single action, though it is a bit worn and loose. Note the 442 cal. is not the shorter and weaker "Bull Dog" cartridge, though the gun is about as tiny as it could be. Entire gun is engraved and silver plated (it is silver, not nickel), and retains about 70% of this original plating. The original mother-of-pearl grips are in fine condition, no cracks or repairs (both are scratched "711" inside). For a picture of this exact model (minus the American market embellishments), see Dowell, "The Webley Story", pl.24c, described as "British Bulldog .44 No.2 Model". The one and only original British Bull Dog, that gave its name to an entire class of revolvers.   $1,400    
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1636) French Flint Pocket Pistol c.1780. 2 3/4", .45 cal barrel, octagonal at breech, engraved decoration, proofmark of crossed fronds (St.Etienne). Diminutive lock of fine quality in ex. crisp working order, fitted with a dog catch which can be engaged as a sort of safety between half and full-cock - it automatically dis-engages when cock is pulled to full-cock. Ex. condition stock, never cleaned, no cracks or repairs, retains well-defined edges, relief carving around iron mounts and barrel tang. Old small collection tag stuck on butt. Small iron buttcap. All parts original, including rammer. Smooth clean metal overall. Exhibits plain but fine quality workmanship. While having the appearance of larger pistol, it is scarcely longer overall than the lockplate of a full-size pistol of its era.   $850    
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1637) Wilkinson Sword of Colonel Philip Saltmarshe, Royal Horse Artillery. 34 1/2" blade etched "HENRY / WILKINSON / PALL MALL / LONDON", Prince of Wales plumes, Royal Arms, "VR", "UBIQUE" , "ROYAL ARTILLERY", etc., and Saltmarshe family crest. Back of blade stamped with Wilkinson number "18997" , made 1872. Regulation Artillery 3-bar hilt retains original shagreen and silver wire wrap. Fine scabbard with no dents, though shows considerable wear to drag. Blade is fine+ to ex., deep clear etching. Wilkinson ledger records sword # 18997 as "Sold to Mr. Daniels for P.Saltmarshe" (color copy of ledger accompanies sword along with much research on Colonel Saltmarshe). Philip Saltmarshe became a Lieutenant in the Royal Artillery Jan.9, 1873. He was the son of Lt.Colonel Saltmarshe, Lord of the Manor. The family was established by Sir Lionel Saltmarshe, knighted by William the Conqueror in 1067. Philip Saltmarshe, the owner of this sword, fought in the Second Afghan War, 5th Battery (Heavy), of the 11th Brigade. 5/11th were part of Stewart's Column to Kandahar, arriving Jan. 1879 (three 40 pounders with elephants; three 8" mortars). Further service abroad and then political activity at home occupied Major Saltmarshe until he returned to military duty in the Royal Garrison Artillery. He becomes a Lt.Col. in 1898. During Boer War, he commands the heavy artillery of the Natal Field Force. Promotion to Colonel in 1903; becomes Fire Commander of the Thames Defense Section. A fine condition sword of a distinguished officer.   $1,575    
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1638) British Light Company Officer's Sword c.1812. Strongly curved blade measures 28" across the chord, 8" false edge, etched with panoply of arms, etc., Royal Arms surmounted by Crown, maker "T.BATE'S / WARRANTED" in scroll. Fine blade retains approx. 50% original faded blue and gilt, the remainder of the blade smooth and clean. Steel hilt retains all original shagreen and wire wrap. Steel scabbard in fine condition, smooth clean surface matching hilt, just two almost invisible minor dents.   $2,300  
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1639) British Cut-Steel Hilted Smallsword. 32" hollow-ground blade etched with scroll designs, smooth clean fine condition. Cut steel hilt with multi-facetted pommel, grip and knuckle-bow set with many diamond-cut steel points. Open-work guard ensuite. Unlike most surviving examples of this type, this sword has never rusted or even acquired much of a patina, making it possible to gain a good appreciation of the meticulous and brilliant workmanship, and how the sword looked when new.   $750  
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1640) British Coast Guard / Revenue Service Pistol c.1835. 6", .65 cal. barrel proofed with Crown over GR, Crown, "MR" (Manufacture Royal ?? nobody seems to know for sure, but it appears often on British Military arms of this era), Crown over crossed sceptres. Lock with bolted safety, "CROWN over WR" (William IV, reigned 1830-37), tail engraved "ENFIELD", lock inspector's stamp. Fine solid stock shows minor wear, no cracks or repairs, brass mounts. Finial of trigger-guard scratched with letters "AX" (aftercastle/stern - the position of the gun in the ship. "FX" meant forecastle). Lock in crisp ex. working order, smooth metal overall, complete and all-original. These early Naval and Coast Guard pistols are generally believed to be the first military use of the percussion system by the Crown.   $800    
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1641) Colt Single Action Army .45. 7 1/2" barrel, 45LC cal., marked "COLT'S PT. F.A. MFG. Co HARTFORD CT. U.S.A.". Frame with 3 patent lines. All matching numbers 91761 (made 1883), cylinder matching # 1761, barrel numbered 1761 under ejector housing. Fine unbuggered screw heads. Ex. working order and indexing, bore fine and clean, bright with sharp, clear rifling, just some very light frosting barely visible here and there in the grooves. All metal smooth, mostly blue turned plum patina, no pitting, edges and markings sharp and clear. Original solid wood grip, no cracks, chips or repairs, fit perfectly and obviously original to gun, retain about 40-50% original varnish. Factory letter (comes with gun) states gun shipped May 10, 1883, to Hartley and Graham, New York. While barrel length is not stated, Colt letter states this is because 7 1/2" was considered standard at this relatively early time in production, and unnecessary to record. A nice, clean, 100% correct,never played with, and all-original Colt.   $5,000    
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1642) Excellent Condition Remington Model 1863 "Zouave". 33", .58 cal. barrel rifled with 7 grooves, marked "V / P" eaglehead, "1863", and "STEEL". Case-colored lock with eagle over "US", "REMINGTON'S / Ilion, N.Y.". Brass mounted stock, patchbox retains original blued spare nipple, buttplate marked "U.S.". Lock in perfect, like-new working order, retains 99% original vivid bright case colors. Barrel retains 99% original blue, showing nearly no wear, with some dried oil on surface. Bore is mint. Stock is ex.+, only several very minor dings and scratches, "feathered" surface overall, sharp edges, two cartouches opposite lock - uppermost is complete and clear though lightly struck, not worn. All screw heads unbuggered and retain all original blue. Original ramrod retains all original bright polish. It is clear the gun was never taken apart as there is absolutely no trace of the inevitable lengthwise scratches in the stock when solid bands are removed. Band springs retain all unmarred original blue. Ex.+ condition overall, entirely original in every respect.

Note: At a recent well-known auction, a Model 1863 in the same condition sold for $4877.00
   $3,850    
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1643) British Brown Bess India Pattern Musket, Second Type. 39 1/4" , .75 cal. barrel with correct Government proofmarks "Crown over GR over Broad Arrow", "Crown over Crossed Sceptres", maker's initials "TL", barrel inspector's stamp near touch hole. Lock marked with Crown over "GR", "TOWER", maker's initials "TL", and lock inspector's stamp of Crown over Broad Arrow. Solid, uncleaned stock with usual nicks and dings, chip out at tail of lock (a frequently seen occurrence), no repairs or restoration, original sling swivels and ramrod. Lock is in ex. crisp working order with powerful springs, original top jaw and screw. Smooth untouched matching age patina overall. An unusually honest and untouched Brown Bess - I have known this gun for about 45 years, having owned and sold it back then. It is a 100% British Issue musket, that could have been with Wellington in Spain, or any of the 1812-14 War battles from the Niagara Frontier to New Orleans, or Waterloo.   $3,500  
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1644) A Close Helmet of Savoyard Type, c.1620-30. Two-piece skull joined at comb, fitted at back with plume holder and flared at base to form rear neck defense with rolled and guttered border. Hinged peak with rolled and guttered border over visor, engraved lines on edges and decorative cusps where it is shaped to cover comb. Visor with engraved edge lines, oval sights with raised edges for strength and to help deflect missiles, small "V" shaped "mouth" (working life repair below "mouth"; front right edge of peak has another period repair to approx. 1 1/2" X 3/8" of its edge). Hinged bevor with rolled and guttered border, lower edge flared to rivet on a wide single plate neck defense with rolled and guttered border. One hinge is good later replacement. Probably North Italian, this type was widely distributed. Many very similar helmets are preserved in the Zeughaus of Graz, Styria. A helmet of the 30 Years War era, as well as being a form much employed against the Turks.   $4,500  
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1646) French Model 1778 Hussar Saber. 31 3/4" blade, etched both sides with large fleur de lys, marked on back "KLINGENTHAL", stamped with poincons of Juchereau (crown over J) and Bisch (crown over B). Blade with light pitting overall, but still in VG condition. Brass hilt with unit marking "M / 35", small "X" stamped underside quillon, retains all original grip leather and leather throat washer. Undisturbed tang button. Fine leather covered wood scabbard, original leather with intact seam, brass mounts, long lower mount shows service dings but nothing serious, steel drag and suspension rings. Complete, no cracks or breaks, no restoration or repairs. A scarce and all-original Hussar saber.   $5,500  
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